Category Archives: Methods

Introduction to Super-resolution Microscopy


While microscopic methods with protein and atom scale resolution – that don’t break the diffraction barrier! – exist (e.g. electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, x-ray crystallography, etc.), they tend to be more practically difficult than fluorescence-based microscopy (see posts on Fluorescent Probes and Fluorescent Antibodies). Therefore, to give fluorescence microscopy nanometer resolution, several super resolution techniques have been developed that combine clever (1) optical/photophysical and (2) computational-processing tricks to “clean up” the “blurred data.”

Continue reading

What is Principal Component Analysis??


Principal component analysis (PCA) attempts to find true trends hidden in complex data by filtering out noise and redundancy. It does this by treating complex data as a n-dimensional shape (where n is the number of measurements in your study) and fitting that shape to n 1-dimensional lines called: “principal components” and ranking these lines by the percentage of data variation that they capture.

Continue reading